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Research and Clinical Articles
 

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We have compiled a list of articles on research and treatment of CRPS. You may use this for your personal use, put please heed the following warning concerning copyright compliance:

The copyright of the US (Title 17, US Code) Govern the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy of other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

Updated October 21, 2014

Children

Chronic Pain

Chronic Pain and the Emergency Department

Complications

CRPS Overview

CRPS and Autoantibodies

CRPS and Dystonia/Movement Disorders

CRPS and Pregnancy

CRPS and Other Conditions

CRPS and Surgery


Driving

Epidemiology and Pathology

Glia Activation and Neuropathic Pain

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)

Impairment/Disability

Ketamine Treatment

Mirror Therapy and Graded Motor Imagery

Neuropathic Pain

RSDSA-Funded Research

Research

Somatoform/Conversion Disorder

Spinal Cord Stimulation and Neuromodulation

Suicide and Chronic Pain

Treatment

Children

Author:Brooke V, Janselewitz S
Title:Outcomes of Children With Complex Regional Pain Syndrome After Intensive Inpatient Rehabilitation
Source: PMR. 2012. In press

Authors: Collins S, Zuurmond WW, de Lange JJ, van Hilten BJ, Perez RS
Title: Intravenous magnesium for complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS 1) patients: a pilot study
Source: Department of Anesthesiology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Authors: Giovanni Cucchiaro, MD, Kevin Craig, MD, Kerri Marks,LCSW, and Meghan Middleton,NP
Title: Diffuse Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in an Adolescent
A Novel Treatment Approach
Source: Clin J Pain Volume 29, Number 12, December 2013

Author: de Rooij AM, de Mos M, Sturkenboom MCJM, Marinus J, van den Maagdenberg AMJM, van Hilten JJ
Title: Familial occurrence of complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Euro J Pain. 2008 (In press).

Author: de Rooij AM, de Mos M, van Hilten JJ, et al
Title: Increased Risk of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Siblings of Patients?
Source: J Pain. 2009;10(12):1250-1255.

Author: Finiss DG, Murphy PM, Brooker C, Nicholas MK, Cousins MJ
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in children and adolescents
Source: Eur J Pain. 2006.

Author: Veronica Gaugban, MSN, RN, Deirdre Logan, Ph.D., Navil Setbna, MD, and Sandra Mott, ph.D., CPN, RN-BC
Title: Parents' Perspective of Their Journey Caring for a Child with Chronic Neuropathic Pain
Source: Pain Management Nursing 2012

Author: Genc H, Karagoz A, Saracoglu M, Sert E, Erdem HR
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type-I after rubella vaccine
Source: Eur J Pain. 2005;9:517-520.

Author: Güler-Uysal F, Başaran S, Geertzen JHB, Göncü K
Title: A 2½-year-old girl with reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome (CRPS type I): case report
Source: Clin Rehabil. 2003;17(2):224-227.

Author: Higashimoto T, Baldwin EE, Gold JI, Boles RG
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: Complex regional pain syndrome type 1 in children with mitochondrial disease and maternal inheritance
Source: Arch Dis Child. 2008;93:390-397.

Author: Kachko L, Efrat R, Ben Ami S, Mukamel M, Katz J
Title: Complex regional pain syndromes in children and adolescents
Source: Pediatrics International. 2008; 50: 523-527

Author: Lebel A, Becerra L, Wallin D, et al
Title: fMRI reveals distinct CNS processing during symptomatic and recovered complex regional pain syndrome in children
Source: Brain. 2008;131:1854-1874.

Author: Littlejohn GO
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy in adolescents: lessons for adults (Editorial)
Source: Arthritis Rheum. 2004;51(2):151-153.

Author: Deirdre E. Logan, PhD, Elizabeth A. Carpino, MA, MS, Gloria Chiang, PhD, Marianne Condon, MS, Emily Firn, MS, Veronica J. Gaughan, MSN, Melinda Hogan, PT, MSPT, David S. Leslie, MD, Katie Olson, PT, DPT, Susan Sager, MD Navil Sethna, MD Laura E. Simons, PhD, David Zurakowski, PhD and Charles B. Berde, MD, PhD
Title: A Day-hospital Approach to Treatment of Pediatric CRP - Initial Functional Outcomes
Source: Clin J Pain Volume28,Number 9, November/December 2012

Author: Logan DE, Chiang G, Condon M, et al
Title: Development of an intensive pain rehabilitation program for children and adolescents with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pediatric Pain Letter. 2010;12(1):1-6. Commentary.

Author: Low AK, Ward K, Wines AP
Title: Pediatric Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Pediatr Orthop. 2007;27(5):567-572.

Author: David P. Martin, Tarun Bhalla, Saif Rehman and Joseph D. Tobias
Title: Successive Multisite Peripheral Nerve Catheters for Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I
Source: Pediatrics: originally published online December 10, 2102; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-3779

Author: Meier PM, Alexander ME, Sethna NF, De Jon-De Van Steenwijk CCE, Zurakowski D, Berde CB
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndromes in Children and Adolescents: Regional and Systemic Signs and Symptoms and Hemodynamic Response to Tilt Table Testing
Source: Clin J Pain. 2006;22:399-406.

Author: Mendicino RW, Kim C, Kabazie AJ, Catanzariti AR
Title: Correction of Severe Foot and Ankle Contracture Due to CRPS Using External Fixation and Pain Management: Report of a Pediatric Case
Source: J Foot Ankle Surg. 2008;47(5):434-440.

Author: Olsson GL, Meyerson BA, Linderoth B
Title: Spinal cord stimulation in adolescents with complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I)
Source: Euro J Pain. 2008;12:53-59.

Author: Richards, Stephanie, Chalkiadis, George, Lakshman, Raman, Buttery, Jim P., and Crawford, Nigel W.
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome immunisation
Source: Arch Dis Child 2012;0:1-3. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2011-30137

Author: Sethna NF, Meier PM, Zurakowski D, Berde CB
Title: Cutaneous sensory abnormalities in children and adolescents with complex regional pain syndromes
Title: Pain. 2007;131:153-161.

Author: Sherry DD, Wallace CA, Kelley C, Kidder M, and Sapp Lyn
Title: Short-and Long-term Outcomes of Children with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I Treated with Exercise Therapy
Source: Clin J Pain. 1999;15:218-223.

Author: Stanton-Hicks M
Title: Plasticity of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) in Children
Source: Pain Med. 2010;11(8):1216-1223.

Author: Stanton-Hicks M, Kapural L
Title: An Effective Treatment of Severe Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 in Child Using High Doses of Intrathecal Ziconotide (Letter to the Editor)
Source: J Pain Symptom Manage. 2006;6:509-510.

Authors: Joan M. Stoler, Anne Louise Oaklander
Title: Patients with Ehlers Danlos syndrome and CRPS: A possible association?
Source: 2006 International Association for the Study of Pain 2006.02.022

Author: Tan ECTH, van de Sandt-Renkema N, Krabbe PFM, Aronson DC, Severijnen RSVM
Title: Quality of life in adults with childhood-onset of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type I
Source: Injury. 2009;40:901-904.

Author: Wilder RT, Berde CB, Wolohan M, Vieyra MA, Masek B, Michell LJ
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy in Children
Source: J Bone Joint Surg. 1992;7:910-918.

Author: Wilder RT
Title: Management of pediatric patients with CRPS
Source:Clinl J Pain. 2006;5:443-448.

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Chronic Pain
Author: Siddharth Kharkar, MD, Prakash Ambady, MD, Yedatore Venkatesh, MD,
and Robert J. Schwartzman, MD
Title: Intramuscular Botulinum Toxin in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Case Series and Literature Review
Source: Pain Physician 2011; 14:419-424

Author: David M. Berlach Yoram Shir, MD, and Mark A. Ware, MRCP, MSc
Title: Experience with the Synthetic Cannabinoid Nabilone in Chronic
Noncancer Pain

Source: Pain Medicine, Volume 7, Number 1, 2006

Author: Baron MJ, McDonald PW
Title: Significant pain reduction in chronic pain patients after detoxification from high-dose opioids
Source: J Opioid Manage. 2006;2:5:277-281.

Author: Cho S, Heiby EM, McCracken LM, Lee S-M, Moon D-E
Title: Pain-Related Anxiety as a Mediator of the Effects of Mindfulness on Physical and Psychosocial Functioning in Chronic Pain Patients in Korea
Source: J Pain. 2010;11(8):789-797.

Author: Cho S, Lee S-M, McCracken LM, Moon D-E, Heiby EM
Title: Psychometric Properties of a Korean Version of the Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale-20 in Chronic Pain Patients
Source: In J Behav Med. 2010;17:108-117.

Author: Coffey RJ, Owens ML, Broste SK, et al
Title: Mortality Associated with Implantation and Management of Intrathecal Opioid Drug Infusion Systems to Treat Noncancer Pain
Source: Anesthesiology. 2009;111:881-891.

 

Accompanying Editorial
Author: Rathmell JP, Miller MJ
Title: Death after Initiation of Intrathecal Drug Therapy for Chronic Pain: Assessing Risk and Designing Prevention
Source: Anesthesiology. 2009;111:706-708.

Author: Dunn KM, Saunders KW, Rutter CM, et al
Title: Opioid Prescriptions for Chronic Pain an Overdose: A Cohort Study
Source: Ann Intern Med. 2010;152(2):85-92.

Author: Gottschalk A, Raja SN
Title: Severing the Link between Acute and Chronic Pain
Source: Anesthesiol. 2004;101:1063-1065.

Author: Hutchinson MR, Zhang Y, Shridhar M, et al
Title: Evidence that opioids may have toll-like receptor 4 and MD-2 effects
Source: Brain Behav Immunity. 2009; In press.

Author: Jones EG
Title: Thalamocortical dysrhythmia and chronic pain
Source: Pain. 2010; In press.

Author: Jones-London M
Title: Expectations of Pain: I Think, Therefore I Am
Source: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Author: Kannerstein D, Whitman S
Title: Surviving a Loved One's Chronic Pain
Source: Pract Pain Manage. 2007; Jan/Feb:48-52.

Author: Meisner JG, Waldron JB, Sawynok J
Title: Alpha1-Adrenergic Receptors Augment P2X3 Receptor-Mediated Nociceptive Responses in the Uninjured State
Source: J Pain. 2007;8(7):556-562.

Author: Mezei L, Murinson BB
Title: Pain Education in North American Medical Schools
Source: JPain. 2011:12:1199-12-8

Author: Nampiaparampil DE
Title: Prevalence of Chronic Pain After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review
Source: JAMA. 2008;300(6):711-719.

Author: Paice JA
Title: Sexuality and Chronic Pain
Source: Am Chronic Pain Soc Chron.

Author: Schwartz R
Title: Weather Sensitive Pain

Author: Stengler MA
Title: Natural Remedies for Constipation
Source: Bottom Line Health. 2006;15:9-10.

Author: Teets RY, Dahmer S, Scott E
Title: Integrative medicine approach to chronic pain
Source: Prim Care. 2010;37(2):407-421.

Author: Trescot AM, Boswell MV, Atluri SL, et al
Title: Opioid Guidelines in the Management of Chronic Noncancer Pain
Source: Pain Physician. 2006;9:1-40.

Author: Webster LR, Fakata KL, Charapata S, Fisher R, MineHart M
Title: Open-Label Multicenter Study of Combined Intrathecal Morphine and Ziconotide: Addition of Morphine in Patients Receiving Ziconotide for Severe Pain
Source: Pain Med. 2003;9(3):282-290.

Author: Wirth JH, Hudgins JC, Paice JA
Title: Use of Herbal Therapies to Relieve Pain: A Review of Efficacy and Adverse Effects
Source: Pain Manage Nurs. 2005;6(4):145-167.

Author: Wise C
Title: Back Pain and Common Musculoskeletal Problems
Source: WebMD, Sci Am Med. 2003.

Author: Witonsky A, Whitman SM
Title: Puzzling Pain Conditions: How Philosophy Can Help Us Understand Them
Source: Pain Med. 2005;6:315-322.

Author: Ziegler PP
Title: Addiction and the Treatment of Pain
Source: Subst Use Misuse. 2005;40:1945-1954.

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Chronic Pain and the Emergency Department

Author: Beth Israel Medical Center
Title: EMPainline: A resource for pain management and emergency medicine

Author: Ducharme J
Title: Clinical Guidelines and Policies: Can the Improve Emergency Department Pain Management?
Source: J Law Med Ethics: Pain Manage Emerg Department. 2005;3(4):783-790.

Author: Meyer ML, Todd KH
Title: Chronic Pain and the ER Visit
Source: RSDSA Review. 2006;19(2):8-9.

Authors: Knox H. Todd, MD, MPH, Penney Cowan, Nicole Kelly, Peter Homel, PhD
Title: Chronic or Recurrent Pain in the Emergency Department: National Telephone Survey of Patient Experience
Source: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine Volume XI, no. 5 : December 2010

Author: Todd KH
Title: Chronic Pain and Aberrant Drug-Related Behavior in the Emergency Department
Source: J Law Med Ethics: Pain Manage Emerg Department. 2005;3(4):761-769.

Authors: Monica k. Wattana, MD, and Knox H. Todd, Md, MPH
Title: Autonomy vs Paternalism in the Emergency Department: The Potential Deleterious Impact of Patient Satisfaction Surveys
Source: Pain Medicine 2013;14:968-970 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author: Wilsey BL, Fishman SM, Ogden C
Title: Prescription Opioid Abuse in the Emergency Department
Source: J Law Med Ethics: Pain Manage Emerg Department. 2005;3(4):770-782.

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Complications

Author: Roger J. Allen, Chad J. McCann, Kelcy G. Higa
Title: Relationship between delayed episodic pain flares and release of stress-related thyroxine in a patient with complex regional pain syndrome- a case report
Source: J Phys Ther.2011;4:32-42

Author: Davis A
Title: Wounds that Won't Heal
Source: RSDSA Review. Spring 2008.

Author: Goris RJA
Title: Skin Complications in RSD patients

Authors: Manish Gupta FRCA, Andreas Goebel MSc PhD, FRCA
Title: Unexplained Nausea and Weight Loss in Two Cases of Longstanding CRPS
Source: Pain Medicine 2013; *: **_** Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author: Greipp ME, Thomas AF
Title: Skin Lesions Occurring in Clients with Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome
Source: J Neurosci Nurs. 1994;26:340-341.

Author: Nishikawa M, Tanikoa M, Araki E, et al
Title: Extensive skin necrosis of the arm in a patient with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology. 2008;33:733-735

Authors: Rameez Kabani, BSc; Alain Brassard, MD, FRCPC
Title: Dermatological Findings in Early Detection of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Copyright 2014 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Author: Rijkers K, van Aalst J, Kurt E, et al
Title: Effect of spinal cord stimulation in Type I complex regional pain syndrome with 2 rare severe cutaneous manifestations
Source: J Neurosurg. 2009;110:274-278.

Author: Swart CMA, Stins JF, Beek PJ
Title: Cortical changes in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Source: Eur J Pain. 2008.

Author:Terkelsen AJ, Molgaard H, Hansen J, Finnerup NB, Kroner K, Jensen TS
Title:Heart Rate Variability in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome during Rest and Mental and Orthostatic Stress
Source: Anesthesology. 2012; 116: 133-146.

Author: Webster GF, Schwartzman RJ, Jacoby, RA, Knobler RL, Uitto JJ
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, Occurrence of Inflammatory Skin Lesions in Patients With Stages II and III Disease
Source: Arch Dermatol. 1991;127:1541-1544.

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CRPS Overview

Title: Osteoprotegerin: Another piece in a complex (regional pain syndrome) puzzle
Source: PAIN® 155 (2014) 845-846

Author: Azari P, Lu Y, Clarke CFM, Collins T, Briones D, Huh B
Title: Pathophysiology of the Spreading of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Revisited: A Case Report
Source: Neuromodulation 2011; e-pub ahead of print. DOI:
10.1111/j.1525-1403.2011.00385.

Author: Baron R, Fields HL, Janig W, Kitt C, Levine JD
Title: National Institutes of Health Workshop: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/Complex Regional Pain Syndromes—State-of-the-Science
Source: Anesth Analg. 2002;95:1812-1816.

Authors: Debbie J. Bean, Malcolm H. Johnson, and Robert R. Kydd
Title: The Outcome of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1: A Systematic Review
Source: The Journal of Pain: offical jornal of the American Pain Society

Author: Beerthuizen A, van 't Spijker A, Huygen FJPM, de Wit R
Title: Is there an association between psychological factors and the Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1 (CRPS1) in adults? A systematic review
Source: Pain. 2009;145:52-59.

Author: Brinkly, Karen E.
Title: Improving the Diagnosis an Treatment of CRPS: Insights from a Clinical Immunologist's Personal Experience with an Underrecognized Neuroinflammatory Disorder
Source: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Author: Bruehl S
Title: An Update on the Pathophysiology of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Anesthesiol. 2010;113(3):713-725.

Author: Chen Y, Kelly J
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: A Case of Total Body Pain
Source: Nurse Practitioner. 2007;32(9):8-10.

Author: Chung OY, Bruehl S
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Curr Treatment Options Neurol. 2003;5.

Author: de Mos, Huygen FJPM, Dieleman JP, Koopman JSHA, Stricker BHCh, Sturkenboom MCJM
Title: Medical history and the onset of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Source: Pain. 2008;In press.

Author: de Mos M, Sturkenboom MCJM, Huygen FJPM
Title: Current Understandings on Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain Pract. 2009;9(2):86-99. Review.

Author: Dowd GSE, Hussein R, Khanduja V, Ordman AJ
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome with special emphasis on the knee
Source: J Bone Joint Surg (Br). 2007;89:B285-290.Author: Hsu ES

Title: Practical Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Am J Therapeutics. 2009;16:147–154.

Author: Dunn DG
Title: Chronic Regional Pain Syndrome, type 1: Part II
Source: AORN J. 2000;72(4):643-653.

Author: Feliu MH, Edwards CL
Title: Psychologic Factors in the Development of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: History, Myth, and Evidence
Source: Clin J Pain. 2010;26:258-263.

Author: Andreas Goebel
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome in adults
Source: Rheumatology 2011;50:1739-1750 doi:10.1093/rheumatology/ker202 Advance Access publication 28 June 2011

Author: Groopman J
Title: When Pain Remains
Source: The New Yorker. Oct. 10, 2005

Author: Harden RN, Bruehl S, Perez RSGM, et al
Title: Development of a severity score for CRPS
Source: Pain. 2010;151:870-876.

Author: Hill, Renee J., Chopra, Pradeep, Richardi, Toni
Title: Rethinking the Phychogenic Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Somatoform Disorders and Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Anesth Pain.2012;2(1)

Author: Hsu ES
Title: Practical Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Am J Therapeutics. 2009;16:147–154.

Author: Janig W, Baron R
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome; Mystery Explained?
Source: Lancet Neurol. 2003;2:687-697.

Author: Lefkowitz, Stanley S.,Ph.D., Chowdhury, Susanti, K., MD, PA, Lefkowitz, Doris L., Ph.D.
Title: Effects of Weather Changes on a Patient with RSD
Source: Pain Physician March 2007:10:381-388

Authors: Jessica A. Lohnberg & Elizabeth M. Altmaier
A Review of Psychosocial Factors in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Clin Psychol Med Settings (2013) 20:247-254 DOI 10.1007/s10880-012-9322-3

Author: Maihofner C, Seifert F, Markovic K
Title: Complex regional pain syndromes: new pathophysiological concepts and therapies
Source: Eur J Neurol. E-pub 18 Feb 2010.

Author: Maleki A, LeBel AA, Bennett GJ, Schwartzman RJ
Title: Patterns of spread in complex regional pain syndrome, type I (reflex sympathetic dystrophy)
Source: Pain 2000;88.

Author: McCabe CS, Blake DR
Title: An embarrassment of pain perceptions? Towards an understanding of and explanation for the clinical presentation of CRPS type 1
Source: Rheumatology. 2008;47:1612-1616.

Author: Melis M, Zawawi K, Al-Badawi E, Logo SL, Mehta N
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in the Head and Neck: A review of the Literature
Source: J Orofacial Pain. 2002;16:93-104.

Author: Miller RLS
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Source: Orthop Nurs. 2003;22:91-99.

Author: Mogilevsky M, Janig W, Baron R, Harden RN
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome - A Multifaceted Disorder Requiring Multidimensional Care: Case Study
Source: J Pain. 2007;8(9):677-681.

Author: Moskovitz P
Title: An Overview of CRPS: A brief overview of some of the principles and components of the evaluation and management of CRPS
Source: Pract Pain Manage. 2010 Jan/Feb.

Author: Moskovitz P
Title: When the Pain Just Won't Go Away
Source: Bottom Line Health. 2004 Aug:11-12.

Author: Oaklander AL
Title: RSD/CRPS: The end of the beginning (editorial)
Source: Pain. 2008; In press.

Author: Oaklander AL, Fields HL
Title: Is Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I a Small-Fiber Neuropathy?
Source: Ann Neurol. 2009;65:629-638.

Author: Perez RS, Zollinger PE, Dijkstra PU, et al
Title: Evidence based guidelines for complex regional pain syndrome type 1
Source: BMC Neurology. 2010;10(20):http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2377/10/20

Author: Quisel A, Gill JM, Witherell P
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome underdiagnosed
Source: J Fam Pract. 2005;54(6):524-532.

Author: Raja SN, Grabow TS
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I (Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy)
Source: Anesthesiol. 2002;96:1254-1260.

Author: Mark Rockett
Title: Diagnosis, mechanisms and treatment of complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2014, 27:494-500 DOI:10.1097/ACO.0000000000000114

Author: Karen Rodham, Candida McCabe, Melissa Pilkington and Laurence Regan
Title: Coping with chronic complex regional pain syndrome: advice from patients for patients
Source: Chronic Illness published online 1 June 2012 DOI: 10.1177/1742395312450178

Author: Rolfe Birch, M.Chir., F.R.C.S., F.R.C.S. Eng.
Title: CAUSALGIA: A Restatement
Source: Neurosurgery 65:A222-A228, 2009
DOI: 10.1227-01.NEU.0000358956.28018.84

Author: Schott GD
Title: Complex? Regional? Pain? Syndrome?
Source: Practical Neurology. 2007;7:145-157.

Author: Schwartzman, Robert J., M.D.
Title: Systemic Complications of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Neuroscience & Medicine, 2012, *, **-** doi:10.4236/nm.2012.***** Published Online *** 2012

Author: Schwartzman RJ, McLellan TL
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: A Review
Source: Arch Neurol. 1987;44:555-561.

Author: Na Young Shin, Do-Hyung Kang, Joon Hwan Jang, Soo Young Park, Jae Yeon Hwang, Sung Nyun Kim, Min Soo Byun, Hye Youn Park, and Yong Chul Kim
Title: Impaired Recognition of Social Emotion in Patients With Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: The Journal of Pain, 2013: pp 1-6

Author: Turner-Stokes L
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy—a complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. 2002;24:939-947.

Author: van der Laan L, Goris RJA
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: A Exaggerated Regional Inflammatory Response?
Source: Hand Clinics. 1997;13:373-385.

Author: Vas, Lakshmi, MD and Pai, Renuka, Dip Anaesthesia
Title: Successful Reversal of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I of Both Upper Extremities in Five Patients
Source: Pain Medicine 2012;*:**-**, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author: Wasner G, Schattschneider J, Binder A, Baron R
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome—diagnostic, Mechanisms, CNS involvement and therapy
Source: Spinal Cord. 2003;41:61-75.

Author: Wurtman RJ
Title: Fibromyalgia and the complex regional pain syndrome: similarities in pathophysiology and treatment
Source: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Author: A. Zyluk and P. Puchalski
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome: observations on diagnosis, treatment and definition of a new subgroup
Source: J Hand Surg Eur Vol published online 6 December 2012 DOI: 10.1177/1753193412469143

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CRPS and Autoantibodies

Author: Birklein F, Sommer C
Title: Intravenous Immunoglobulin to Fight Complex Regional Pain
Syndromes: Hopes and Doubts

Source: Ann Intern Med. 2010;152:188-189.

Author: Blaes F, Tschernatsch M, Braeu MD et al.
Title:Autoimmunity in Complex-Regional
Pain Syndrome

Source:Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci.2007;1107: 168–173.

Author: Kohr D, Tschernatsch M, Schmitz et al.
Title:Autoantibodies in complex regional pain syndrome bind
to a differentiation-dependent neuronal surface autoantigen

Source: PAIN. 2009; 143:246–251.

Author: Andreas Goebel, Franz Blaes
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome, prototype of a novel kind of autoimmune disease
Source: (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.autrev.2012.10.015

Author: Goebel A, Leite MI, Yang L et al.
Title:The passive transfer of immunoglobulin G serum antibodies from patients
with longstanding Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Source: Eur J Pain. 2010;in press.

Author: Friedrich Medlin, MD, Anastasia Zekeridou, MD, Susanne Renaud, MD,and Thierry Kuntzer, MD
Title: Favorable Outcome of an Acute Complex Regional PainSyndrome With Immunoglobulin Infusions
Source: Clin J Pain. 2013 Nov;29(11):e33-e34.

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CRPS and Dystonia/Movement Disorders

Author: Irwin DJ, Schwartman RJ
Title: Chest Wall Dystonia and CRPS
Source: Case Report: Drexel University College of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Author: Agrawal SK, Rittey CD, Harrower NA, Goddard JM, Mordekar SR
Title: Movement disorders associated with complex regional pain syndrome in children
Source: Develop Med Child Neurol. 2009;51:557-562.

Author: Cooper, Mark and Clark, Vincent P.
Title: Neuroinflammation, Neuroautoimmunity, and the Co-Morbidities of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Neuroimmune Pharmacol
DOI 10.007/s11481-012-9392-x

Author: Cooper MS
Title: Nerve Injuries and the Fixed Dystonias of CRPS
Source: Pain Medicine. 2011;12:842-843

Author: de Klaver MJM, van Rijn MA, Marinus J, Soede W, de Laat JAPM, van Hilten JJ
Title: Hyperacusis in patients with complex regional pain syndrome related dystonia
Source: J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. E-pub 30 Apr 2007.

Author: de Rooij AM, Gosso MF, Haasnoot GW, et al
Title: HLA-B62 and HLA-DQ8 are associated with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome with fixed dystonia
Source: Pain. 2009;145:82-85.

Author: Edwards MJ, Alonso-Camopvas A, Schran A, Bloem BR, Thompson PD, Bhatia K
Title: Limb Amputations in Fixed Dystonia: A Form of Body Integrity Identity Disorder?
Source: Movement Disorders. 2011;26:1410-1414

Author: Gosso MF, de Rooij AM, Alsina-Sanchis E, et al
Title: Systematic mutation analysis of seven dystonia genes in complex regional pain syndrome with fixed dystonia
Source: J Neurol. E-pub 12 Jan 2010.

Author: Munts AG, van der Plas, Voormelon JH, et al
Title: Intrathecal glycine for pain and dystonia in complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Munts AG, van Rootselaar AF, van der Meer JN, Koelman JHTM, van Hilten JJ, Tijssen MAJ
Title: Clinical and Neurophysiological Characterization of Myoclonus in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Movement Disorders. 2008;23(4):581-587.

Author: Navani A, Rusy LM, Jacobson RD, Weisman SJ
Title: Treatment of Tremors in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Pain Symptom Manage. 2003;25(4):386-390.

Author: Oaklander AL
Title: Progression of dystonia in complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Neurology. 2004 July 27;751.

 

 
Source

Correspondence
Source: Neurology. 2005 June;64:2162-2164.

Author: Raja SN
Title: Motor dysfunction in CRPS and its treatment
Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Schwartzman RJ, Kerrigan J
Title: The movement disorder of reflex sympathetic dystrophy
Source: Neurol. 1990;40:57-61.

Author: Schilder J, Schouten A, Perez R, Huygen F, et al.
Title:Motor control in complex regional pain syndrome: A kinematic analysis
Source: Pain. 2012. In press

Author: van Hilten JJ
Title: Treatment of Movement Disorders Associated with RSD/CRPS
Source: Presented at the International Update on CRPS, San Diego, CA, September 11, 2004.

Author: van Rijn MA, Munts AG, Marinus J, et al
Title: Intrathecal baclofen for dystonia of complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Authors: T. Vogt, F. Birklein, C. Geber
Title: Usefulness of botulinum toxin A in complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Abstracts Toxins 2011 / Toxicon 68(2013) 60–123

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CRPS and Pregnancy

CDC.gov - Pregnancy Medication
CDC and partners are working to provide better information to women and their healthcare providers about medication use during pregnancy. CDC’s focus on medications in pregnancy is an initiative called Treating for Two: Safer Medication Use in Pregnancy. This initiative aims to prevent birth defects and improve the health of mothers by working to identify the best alternatives for treatment of common conditions during pregnancy and during the childbearing years.

Author: Anjan Trikha, Dalim Kumar Baidya, P.M. Singh
Title: CRPS and Pregnancy
Source: Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia and Critical Care / Jul-Dec 2012 / Vol 2 | Issue 2

Author: de Mos M, Huygen FJPM, Stricker BHCh, Dieleman JP, Sturkenboom MCJM
Title: Estrogens and the risk of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Source: Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2009;18(1)44-52.

Author: Lasich C
Title: Pregnancy, Pain, and Pills...Oh My!
Source: Health Central. E-pub 19 Jan 2010.

Author: Poncelet C, Perdu M, Levy-Weil F, Phillippe HJ, Nisand I
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy in pregnancy: nine cases and a review of the literature
Source: Euro J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1999;S6:55-63.

Author: Prager JP
Title: Clinical Q & A: CRPS and Parenthood
Source: RSDSA Review. 2007;20(2):12.

Author: Sergent F, Mouroko D, Sellam R, Mareau L
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy involving the ankle in pregnancy: characteristics and therapeutic management
Source: Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2003;31:543-545.

Author: Zrigui J, Etaouil N, Mkinsi O
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy and pregnancy: a case report
Source: Joint Bone Spine. 2002 May;69(3):342-344.

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CRPS and Other conditions

Author: Allen R, Koshi LR
Title: Excessive limb guarding may increase complex regional pain syndrome risk

Author: Bhattarai B, Shrestha BP, Rahman TR, Sharma SK, Tripathi M
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type-1 following snake bite: a case report
Source: Nepal Med Coll J. 2008;10(4):278-280.

Author: Blaes F, Tschernatsch M, Braeu ME, et al
Title: Autoimmunity in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Ann NY Acad Sci. 2007;1107:168-173.

Author: Chancellor MB, Shenot PJ, Rivas DA, Manel S, Schwartzman RJ
Title: Urological Symptomatology in Patients with Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Source: J Urol. 1996;155:634-637.

Author: Das A, Puvanendran K
Title: Springomyelia and Complex Regional Pain Syndrome as Complications of Multiple Sclerosis
Source: Arch Neurol. 1999;56:1021-1024.

Author: Goebel A, Buhner S, Schedel R, Lochs H, Sprotte G
Title: Altered intestinal permeability in patients with primary fibromyalgia and in patients with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008;47:1223-1227.

Author: Janicki TI
Title: Chronic pelvic pain as a form of CRPS
Source: International Pelvic Pain Society. 2002. San Diego.

Author: B. Kaymakm, L. Özçakar
Title: CRPS in thoracic outlet syndrome
Source: 10.1136/bjsm.2004.012062

Author: Martinez-Lavin M
Title: Is Fibromyalgia a Generalized Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy?
Source: Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2001;19:1-3.

Author: Mekhail N, Kapural LK
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I in Cancer Patients
Source: Curr Rev Pain. 2000;4:227-233.

Author: Peterlin BL, Rosso AL, Nair S, Young WB, Schwartzman RJ
Title: Migraine may be a risk factor for the development of complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Cephalalgia. 2009 (In press)

Author: Rasmussen JW, Grothusen JR, Rosso AL, Schwartzman RJ
Title: Atypical Chest Pain: Evidence of Intercostobrachial Nerve Sensitization in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain Physician. 2009;12:E329-E334.

Author: Schwartzman RJ, Gurusinghe C, Gracely E
Title: Prevalence of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in a Cohort of Multiple Sclerosis Patients
Source: Pain Physician. 2008;11:133-136.

Author: Stoler JM, Oaklander ALO
Title: Patients with Ehlers Danlos syndrome and CRPS: A possible association?
Source: Pain. 2006;123:204-209.

Author: Tsutsumi A, Horita T, Ohmuro J, et al
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy in a Patient With the Antihospholipid Syndrome
Source: Lupus. 1999;8:471-473.

Author: van der Laan L, Goris RJA
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy After a Burn Injury
Source: Burns. 1996.22;4:303-306.

Author: Wurtman RJ
Title: Fibromyalgia and the complex regional pain syndrome: similarities in pathophysiology and treatment
Source: Metaboilsm Clin Exp. 2010;59(Suppl 1):S37-S40.

Author: Zollinger PE, Tuinebreijer WE, Kreis RW, Breederveld RS
Title: Effect of vitamin C on frequency of reflex sympathetic dystrophy in wrist fractures: a randomised trial
Source: Lancet. 1999;354:2025–2028.

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CRPS and Surgery

Author: Bassem Asaad and Peter Glass
Title: Perioperative management for patients with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain Management, November 2012, Vol. 2, No. 6, Pages 561-567 (doi: 10.2217/pmt.12.62)

Author: Clarke, Hance, MSc, MD, FRCPC, Bonin, Robert P., PhD., Order, Beverley A., MD, PhD, FRCPC, Englesakis, Marina, BA MLIS, Wijeysundera, Duminda N., MD, PhD, FRCPC, and Katz, Joe, PhD
Title: The Prevention of Chronic Postsurgical Pain Using Gabapentin and Pregabalin: a Combined Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Source: Anesthesia-analgesia 2012;115:428-42

Author: Knoeller SM, Ehmer, M, Kleinmann B, Wolter T
Title: CRPS I following artificial disc surgery:
case report and review of the literature

Source: Eur Spine J (2011) 20 (Suppl 2):S278–S283

Author: Besse J, Gadeyne S, Galand-Desme S, Lerat J, Moyen B
Title: Effect of vitamin C on prevention of complex regional pain syndrome type I in foot and ankle surgery
Source: Foot Ankle Surg. 2009;15:179-182.

Author: Brauser D
Title: Pregabalin Reduces Chronic Neuropathic Pain After Total Knee Replacement Surgery: Presented at ASA
Source: Doctor's Guide Dispatch. October 21, 2008.

Author: Cramer G, Young BM, Schwarzentraub DPM, Oliva CM, Racs G
Title: Preemptive Analgesia in Elective Surgery in Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Case Report
Source: J Foot Ankle Surg. 2002:39:387-391.

Author: Dellon AL, Andonian E, Rosson GD
Title: CRPS of the upper or lower extremity: surgical treatment outcomes
Source: J Brachial Plexus Peripheral Nerve Inj. 2009 Feb 20.

Author: Sabine Himmelseher, M.D., Marcel E. Durieux,M.D.,Ph.D.
Title: Ketamine for Perioperative Pain Management
Source: Anesthesiology 2005; 102:211-20 © 2004 American Society of Anesthesiologists, NC. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

Author: Hossain M, Andrew JG
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome after hip replacement in a diabetic patient
Source: Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. E-pub 10 Jan 2010.

Author: Li Z, Smith BP, Tuohy C, Smith TL, Andrew Koman L
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome after hand surgery
Source: Hand Clin. 2010;26(2):281-289.

Author: Marx C, Wiedersheim P, Michel BA, Stucki G
Title: Preventing Recurrence of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy in Patients Requiring an Operative Intervention at the Site of Dystrophy after Surgery
Source: Clin Rheumatol. 2001;20:114-118.

Author: Saad A, Knolla R, Gupta K
Title:Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Following Transfemoral Catheterization
Source: J Invasive Cardiol. 2011;23: E267-270

Author: Schwartzman RJ*, Samudralwar R, Getson P and Alexander GM
Title: Ketamine as Adjunctive Anesthesia in Refractory Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Patients: A Case Series
Source: Pain Syndrome Patients: A Case Series. J Clin Case Rep 2:186. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000186

Authors: N.Shibuya, DPM, MS, FACFAS, J.M. Humphers, DPM, M.R. Agarwal, DPM, and D.C. Jupiter, PhD
Title: Efficacy and Safety of High-dose Vitamin C on Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in Extremity Trauma and Surgery-Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Source: The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery 2013 Jan-Feb;52(1):62-6. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2012.08.003. Epub 2012 Sep 15

Authors: T. Wolter, S.M. Knöller, O. Rommel
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome following Spine Surgery: Clinical and Prognostic Implications
Source: Eur Neurol 2012;68:52-58 DOI: 10.1159/000337907

Author: Zollinger PE, Unal H, Ellis ML, Tuinebreijer WE
Title: Clinical Results of 40 Consecutive Basal Thumb Prostheses and No CRPS Type I After Vitamin C Prophylaxis
Source: Open Orthopaedics J. 2010;4:62-66.

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Driving

Author: Chapman S
Title: The Effects of Opioids on Driving Ability in Patients With Chronic Pain
Source: APS Bulletin. 2001;11.

Author: ScienceDaily
Title: Driving Abilities Not Impaired By Moderate, Long-Term Pain Medication Use, Study Suggests
Source: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/11/071123201438.htm

Author: Vainio A, Ollila J, Matikainen E, Roenberg P, Kalso E
Title: Driving ability in cancer patients receiving long-term morphine analgesia
Source: Lancet. 1995;356:667-670.

Author: van den Bosch G, de Doncker M, Vercruysse P, Maeyaert J, Vissers K, Neels H
Title: Driving and intrathecal morphine administration
Source: Euro J Pain. 2001;5:443-447.

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Epidemiology and Pathology

Author: Agarwal S, Broatch J, Raja SN
Title: Web-based Epidemiological Survey of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
A demographically-based epidemiological clinical study on CRPS diagnosis and treatment.

Author: Albrecht PH, Hines S, Eisenberg E, et al
Title: Pathologic alterations of cutaneous innervation and vasculature in affected limbs from patients with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain. 2006;120:244-266.

Author: Allen G, Galer BS, Schwartz L
Title: Epidemiology of complex regional pain syndrome: a retrospective chart review of 134 patients
Source: Pain. 1998;80:259-266.

Author: Beerthuizen A, Stronks DL, Spijker Av et al
Title: Demographic and medical parameters in the development of complex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS1): prospective study on 596 patients with a fracture
Source: Pain. 2012;in press.

Author: Bruehl S, Chung OY
Title: How common is complex regional pain syndrome Type I?
Source: Pain. 2007;129:1-2.

Author: Choi YS, Lee MG, Lee HM, et al
Title:A Hypothesis for the Cause of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome-Type I (Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy): Pain Due to Deep-Tissue Microvascular Pathology
Source: J Korean Med Sci. 2008;23:772-775.

Author: Coderre TJ and Bennett GJ
Title: A Hypothesis for the Cause of CRPS - Type I (Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy): Pain Due to Deep-Tissue Microvascular Pathology
Source: Pain Medicine 2010;11:1224–1238

Author: Cohen SP, Griffith S, Larkin TM, Villena F, Larkin R
Title: Presentation, Diagnoses, Mechanisms of Injury, and Treatment of Soldiers Injured in Operation Iraqi Freedom: An Epidemiological Study Conducted at Two Military Pain Management Centers
Source: Anesth Analg. 2005;101:1098-103.

Author: de Mos M, de Brijn AGJ, Huygen FJPM, Dieleman JP, Stricker BHC, Sturkenboom MCJM
Title: The incidence of complex regional pain syndrome: A population-based study
Source: Pain. 2007;129:12-30.

Author: de Mos M, Huygen FJPM, Stricker BHCh, Dieleman JP, Sturkenbook MCJM
Title: The association between ACE inhibitors and the complex regional pain syndrome: Suggestions for a neuro-inflammatory pathogenesis of CRPS
Source: Pain. 2009;142:218-224.

Author: de Rooij AM, Perez RSGM, Huygen FJ, et al
Title: Spontaneous onset of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Eur J Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Duman I, Dincer U, Taskaynatan MA, Cakar E, Tugcu I, Dincer K
Title: Reflex sympathetic dystrophy: A retrospective epidemiological study of 168 patients
Source: Clin Rheumatol. 2007;26:1433-1437

Author: Janig W, Baron R
Title: Is CRPS I a neuropathic pain syndrome?
Source: Pain. 2006;120:227-229.

Authors: Xinning Li, MD; Keith Kenter, MD; Ashley Newman, BS; Stephen O'Brien, MD, MBA
Title: Allergy/Hypersensitivity Reactions as a Predisposing Factor to Complex RegionalPain Syndrome I in Orthopedic Patients
Source: ORTHOPEDICS | Healio.com/Orthopedics

Author: Mailis A, Wade J
Title: Profile of Caucasian Women with Possible Genetic Disposition to Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: A Pilot Study
Source: Clin J Pain. 1994;10:210-217.

Author: Pappagallo M, Rosenberg AD
Title: Epidemiology, Pathology, and Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain Pract. 2001;1:11-20.

Authors: Matthew J. Rewhorn, MBCHB, Andraay H. Leung, MBCHB, MRCS, Alan Gillespie, MBCHB, J. Stuart Moir, MBCHB, FRCS, Orth, Roslyn Miller, MBCHB, FRCS, Orth
Title: Incidence of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome after Foot and Ankle Surgery
Source: M.J. Rewhorn et al. / The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery xxx (2014) 1-3

Author: Schwartzman RJ, Erwin KL, Alexander GM
Title: The Natural History of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Clin J Pain. 2009;25:273-280.

Author: Shaikh MF, Shenker NG
Title: What happens to patients with complex regional pain syndrome of greater than 12 months' duration? (Abstract)
Source: 27th Annual General Meeting of the British Society for Rheumatology (BSR) held jointly with the 2010 Spring Meeting of the British Health Professionals in Rheumatology (BHPR) (Birmingham, UK: April 21, 2010)

Author: Sharma A, Agarwal S, Broatch J, Raja SN
Title: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Epidemiological Survey of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2009;34(2):110-115.

Author: van der Laan L, ter Laak HJ, Gabreels-Festen A, Goris RJA
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (RSD). Pathology of skeletal muscle and peripheral nerve
Source: Am Acad Neurol. July 1998.

Author: Veldman PHJM, Reynen HM, Arntz IE, Goris RJA
Title: Signs and symptoms of reflex sympathetic dystrophy: prospective study of 829 patients
Source: Lancet. 1993;342:1012-1016.

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Glia Activation and Neuropathic Pain

The Other Brain
The Leonard Lopate Show
Friday, January 22, 2010
Neuroscientist Douglas Field, explains how glia, which make up approximately 85 percent of the cells in the brain, work. In The Other Brain: From Dementia to Schizophrenia, How New Discoveries about the Brain Are Revolutionizing Medicine and Science, he explains recent discoveries in glia research and looks at what breakthroughs in brain science and medicine are likely to come.

 

Author: Younger J, Mackey S
Title: Fibromyalgia Symptoms Are Reduced by Low-Dose Naltrexone
Source: Pain Medicine. 2009;10:663-672

Author: Alexander GM, van Rijn MA, van Hilten JJ, Perreault MJ, Schwartzmann RJ
Title: Changes in Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Pro-inflammatory Cytokines in CRPS
Source: Pain. 2005;116:213-219.

Author: Banati RB
Title: Visualising Microglial Activation In Vivo
Source: Glia. 2002;40:206–217.

Author: Barkhof F, Hulst HW, Drulovic J, et al
Title: Ibudilast in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: A neuroprotectant?
Source: Neurology. 2010 Mar 3.

Authors: Pradeep Chopra & Mark S. Cooper
Title: Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) Using Low Dose Naltrexone (LDN)
Source: J Neuroimmune Pharmacol DOI 10.1007/s11481-013-9451-y

Author: Cutolo M, Straub RH
Title: Insights into endocrine-immunological disturbances in autoimmunity and their impact on treatment
Source: Arthritis Res Ther. 2009;11:218. Review.

Authors: Department of Pain Medicine and Palliative Care Beth Israel Medical Center, New York - Ricardo A. Cruciani, MD, PhD, David Lussier, MD, Debra Miller-Saultz, RN, FNP, MS, Meridian Health Group Carmel, IN - Dimitry M. Arbuck, MD
Title: Ultra-Low Dose Oral Naltrexone Decreases Side Effects and Potentiates the Effect of Methadone
Source: Vol. 25 No 6 June 2003, Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Author: Fields RD
Title: New Culprits in Chronic Pain
Source: Scientific American. 2009 November; 50-57.

Author: Fox RJ
Title: Primary neuroprotection: The Holy Grail of multiple sclerosis therapy
Source: Neurology. 2010;74:1018-1019.

Author: Guasti L, Richardson D, Jhaveri M, et al
Title: Minocycline treatment inhibits microglial activation and alters spinal levels of endocannabinoids in a rat model of neuropathic pain
Source: Molecular Pain. 2009;5(35).

Author: Hameed H, Hameed M, Christo PJ
Title: The Effect of Morphine on Glial Cells as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Pharmacological Development of Analgesic Drugs
Source: Curr Pain Headache Rep. E-pub 25 Feb 2010.

Author: Hathway GJ, Vega-Avelaira D, Moss A, Ingram R, Fitzgerald M
Title: Brief, low frequency stimulation of rat peripheral C-fibres evokes prolonged
microglial-induced central sensitization in adults but not in neonates

Source: Pain. 2009;110-118.

Author: Jan M. Keppell Hesselink
Title: Targets in Pain, Non-Neuronal Cells, and the Role of Palmitoylethanolamide
Source: The Open pain journal, 2012,5 12-23

Author: Kapoor S
Title: The Evolution and Progression of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS): Recent Insights into the Nociceptive Role of Cytokines and Management of CRPS with Anticytokine Therapy
Source: Curr Sport Med Rep. 2010;9(3):183.

Author: Liu XD, Wang JJ, Sun L, et al
Title: Involvement of medullary dorsal horn glial cell activation in mediation of masseter mechanical allodynia induced by experimental tooth movement
Source: Arch Oral Biology. 2009; In press.

Author: Maier, Steven F. Ph.D. and Watkins, Linda R., Ph.D., University of Colorado at Boulder
Title: Consequences of the Inflamed Brain
Source: Dana Alliance/August 2012

Author: Medicinova
Title: MN166 (ibudilast, AV411): A Phase 2 Novel Therapeutic Approach for Treating Pain, Multiple Sclerosis, or Drug Addiction

Author: Milligan ED, Watkins LR
Title: Pathological and protective roles of glia in chronic pain
Source: Nat Rev Neurosci.

Author: Mika J
Title: Modulation of microglia can attenuate neuropathic pain symptoms and enhance morphine effectiveness
Source: Pharmacol Rep. 2008;20:297-307.

Author: Moskovitz PA, Cooper MS
Title: Activated Glia: Targets for the Treatment of
Neuropathic Pain

Source:Practical Pain Management. 2010;10:78-84.

Author: Plane JD, Shen Y, Pleasure DE, Deng W
Title: Prospects for Minocycline Neuroprotection
Source: Arch Neurol. 2010. 67:1442-1448.

Author: Roberts J, Ossipov MH, Porreca F
Title: Glial activation in the rostroventromedial medulla promotes descending facilitation to mediate inflammatory hypersensitivity
Source: Eur J Neurosci. 2009;30:229-241.

Authors: Valeria Tekus, Zsofia Hajna, Eva Borbely, Adrienn Markovics, Terez Bagoly,Janos Szolcsanyi, Victoria Thompson, Agnes Kemeny, Zsuzsanna Helyes, Andreas Goebel
Title: A CRPS-IgG-transfer-trauma model reproducing inflammatory and positive sensory signs associated with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: PAIN® 155 (2014) 299-308

Author: Rolan P, Hutchinson MR, Johnson KW
Title: Ibudilast: a review of its pharmacology, efficacy and safety in respiratory and neurological disease
Source: Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009; In press.

Author: Uceyler N, Eberle T, Rolke R, Birklein F, Sommer C
Title: Differential expression patterns of cytokines in complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain. 2007;132:195–205.

Author: Vallejo R, Tilley DM, Vogel L, Benyamin R
Title: The Role of Glia and the Immune System in the Development and Maintenance of Neuropathic Pain
Source: Pain Practice. 2010;10(3):167-184. Review.

Author: Veiseh O, Gunn JW, Zhang M
Title: Design and fabrication of magnetic nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and imaging
Source: Adv Drug Delivery Rev. 2009; In press.

Author: Watkins L, Maier SF
Title: Beyond Neurons: Evidence that Immune and Glial Cells Contribute to Pathological Pain States
Source: Physiol Rev. 2003;82:981-1011.

Author: Watkins LR, Maier, SF
Title: When Good Pain Turns Bad
Source: Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2003;12:232-236.

Authors: Jarred Younger & Luke Parkitny & David McLain
Title: The use of low-dose naltrexone (LDN) as a novel anti-inflammatory treatment for chronic pain
Source: Clin Rheumatol (2014) 33:451-459 DOI 10.1007/s10067-014-2517-2

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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)

Author: Bacchini M, Valenti E, Soncini G
Title: Post-traumatic reflex sympathetic dystrophy in the ankle and foot: a study of 32 cases
Source: Chir Organi Mov. 1999;84(2):189-96.

Author: Kiralp MZ, Vural D, KlskinI, Ay H, Dursun H
Title: Effectiveness of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Int Med Res. 2004;32:258-262.

Author: Peach G
Title: Hyperbaric oxygen and the reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome: a case report
Source: Undersea Hyperbaric Med. 1995:22(4):1-2.

Author: Tuter NV, Danilov AB, Polyakova LV
Title: [The treatment of a complex regional pain syndrome]
Source: Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 1997;97(11):33-35. Russian.

Author: Yildiz S, Uzun G, Kiralp MZ
Title: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Chronic Pain Management
Source: Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2006;10:95-100.

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Impairment/Disability
Author: Arnoff GM, Harden N, Stanton-Hicks M, et al
Title: American Academy of Disability Evaluating Physicians (AADEP) Position Paper: Complex Regional Pain syndrome I (RSD): Impairment and Disability Issues
Source: Pain Med. 2002;3:274-288.

Title: Do you groan when you get a reflex sympathetic dystrophy case?
Source: Case Management Advisor. 2001;12:1-16.

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Ketamine Treatment

Outpatient ketamine improves post-trauma pain syndrome

Author: Pari Azari, David R. Lindsay, Dean Briones, Collin Clarke, Thomas Buchheit and Srinivas Pyati Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Pain Management, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
Title: Efficacy and Safety of Ketamine in Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome A Systematic Review
Source: CNS Drugs2012;26(3)

Author: Bell RF, Moore RA
Title: Intravenous ketamine for CRPS: Making too much of too little?
Source: Pain. 2010; In press.

Author: Blonk MI, Koder BG, van den Bemt PMLA, Huygen FJPM
Title: Use of oral ketamine in chronic pain management: A review
Source: Eur J Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Correll GE, Maleki J, Gracely EJ, Muir JJ, Harbut RE
Title: Subanesthetic Ketamine Infusion Therapy: A Retrospective Analysis of a Novel Therapeutic Approach to Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain Med. 2004;5:263-275.

Author: Deakin JFW, Lees J, McKie S, Hallak JEC, Williams SR, Dursun SM
Title: Glutamate and the Neural Basis of the Subjective Effects of Ketamine
Source: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2008;65(2):154-164.

Authors: Marc DeKock, Sebastien Loix & Patricia Lavand'homme
Title: Ketamine and Peripheral
Source: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 19 (2013) 403-410

Author: Everett A, Mclean B, Plunkett A, Buckenmaier C
Title: A Unique Presentation of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I Treated with a Continuous Sciatic Peripheral Nerve Block and Parenteral Ketamine Infusion: A Case Report
Source: Pain Medicine. 2009; In press.

Author: Finch PM, Knudsen L, Drummond PD
Title: Reduction of allodynia in patients with complex regional pain syndrome: A double-blind placebo-controlled trial of topical ketamine
Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Goldberg MR, Comsky R, Scaringe D, et al
Title: Multi-Day Low Dose Ketamine Infusion for the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain Phys. 2005;8:175-179.

Author: Harbut RE, Correll GE
Title: Successful Treatment of a Nine-Year Case of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I (Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy) With Intravenous Ketamine-Infusion Therapy in a Warfarin-Anticoagulated Adult Female
Source: Am Acad Pain Med. 2002;3;147-155.

Author: Hocking G, Visser E, Shug S, Cousins M
Title: Ketamine: Does Life Begin at 40
Source: Pain. 2007;15.

Author: Hocking G, Cousins MJ
Title: Ketamine in Chronic Pain Management: An Evidence-Based Review
Source: Anesth Analg. 2003;97:1730-1739

Author: Huge V, Lauchart M, Magerl W, et al
Title: Effects of low-dose intranasal (S)-ketamine in patients with neuropathic pain
Source: Eur J Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Hurley D
Title: Two approaches to ketamine move forward for complex regional pain
Source: Neurol Today. 2006;6(3):1:17-19.

Author: Kiefer RT, Rohr P, Ploppa A, et al
Title: Efficacy of Ketamine in Anesthetic Dosage for the Treatment of Refractory Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: An Open-Label Phase II Study
Source: Pain Med. 2008 Feb 5. E-pub ahead of print.

Author: Kiefer RT, Rohr P, Ploppa A, et al
Title: A Pilot Open-Label Study of the Efficacy of Subanesthetic Isometric S(+)-Ketamine in Refractory CRPS Patients
Source: Pain Med. 2008;9(1):44-54.

Author: Kiefer R, Rohr P, Ploppa A, Altemeyer K, Schwartzman RJ
Title: Complete Recovery from Intractable Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, CRPS-Type I, Following Anesthetic Ketamine and Midazolam
Source: Pain Pract. 2007;7:147–150.

Author: Kirkpatrick AF, Lubenow T
Title: Regarding Bell and Moore, Intravenous ketamine for CRPS: Making too much of too little? Pain 2010;150:10–11 (Letter to the Editor)
Source: Pain. 2010;151(2):550-557.

Author: Koffler SP, Hampstead BM, Irani F, et al
Title: The neurocognitive effects of 5 day anesthetic ketamine for the treatment of refractory complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2007;22:719-729.

Author: Lene Cecilie Mathisen, Per Skjelbred, Lasse A. Skoglund and Ivar Oye
Title: Effect of ketamine, an NMDA receptor inhibitor, in acute and chronic orofacial pain
Source: Pain, 61 (1995) 215-220 215 © 1995 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved 0304-3959/95/$09.50

Author: Nama S, Meenan DR, Fritz WT
Title: The Use of Sub-Anesthetic Intravenous Ketamine and Adjuvant Dexmedetomidine when Treating Acute Pain from CRPS
Source: Pain Physician. 2010;13(4)365-368.

Authors: Marieke Niesters MD MSc, Christian Martini MD, Albert Dahan MD PhD
Title: Ketamine for Chronic Pain: Risks and Benefits
Source: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology© 2013 The British Pharmacological Society

Author: Noppers IM, Niesters M, Aarts LPHJ, et al
Title:Drug-induced liver injury following a repeated course of ketamine treatment for chronic pain in CRPS type 1 patients: A report of 3 cases
Source: Pain. In press

Author: Pasero C, McCaffrey M
Title: Ketamine
Source: Am J Nurs. 2005;105:60-64.

Authors: Jan Persson
Title: Ketamine in Pain Management
Source: CNS Neuro science & Therapeutics 19 (2013) 396-402

Authors: Rosemary C. Polomano, PhD, RN, FAAN,Chester C. Buckenmaier III, MD,Kyung H. Kwon, MSN, CRNP, Alexandra L. Hanlon, PhD,Christine Rupprecht, MSN, RN,Cynthia Goldberg, MSN, RN-BC,and Rollin M. Gallagher, MD, MPH
Title: Effects of Low-Dose IV Ketamine on Peripheral and Central Pain from Major Limb Injuries Sustained in Combat
Source: Pain Medicine 2013; *: **_** Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author: Sakamoto E, Shiiba S, Noma N, et al
Title: Case Report: A Possible Case of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome in the Orofacial Region
Source: Pain Med. 2010;11:274-280.

Author: Schwartzman RJ*, Samudralwar R, Getson P and Alexander GM
Title: Ketamine as Adjunctive Anesthesia in Refractory Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Patients: A Case Series
Source: Pain Syndrome Patients: A Case Series. J Clin Case Rep 2:186. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000186

Author: Schwartzman RJ, Alexander GM, Grothusen JR, Paylor T, Reichenberger E, Perreault M
Title: Outpatient intravenous ketamine for the treatment of complex regional pain
syndrome: A double-blind placebo controlled study

Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Schwartzman RJ, Alexander GM, Grothusen JR
Title: The use of ketamine in complex regional pain syndrome: possible mechanisms
Source: Expert Rev. Neurother. 2011.11;719-734.

Author: Shirani P, Salamone AR, Schulz PE, Edmonson EA
Title: Ketamine Treatment for Intractable Pain in a Patient with Severe Refractory Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Case Report
Source: Pain Phys. 2008;11:3;339-342.

Author: Sigtermans MJ, van Hilten JJ, Bauer MCR, et al
Title: Ketamine produces effective and long-term pain relief in patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1
Source: Pain. 2009 (In press)

Author: Sunder RA, Toshniwal GR, Dureja GP
Title: Ketamine as an adjuvant in sympathetic blocks for management of Central sensitization following peripheral nerve injury
Source: J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj. 2008;3(22).

Author: Webster LR, Walker MJ
Title: Safety and Efficacy of Prolonged Outpatient Ketamine Infusions for Neuropathic Pain
Source: Am J Therapeutics. 2006;13:300-305.

Author: Wilcock A, Twycross R
Title: Therapeutic Reviews: Ketamine
Source: J Pain Symptom Mgmnt

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Mirror Therapy and Graded Motor Imagery

Title: Mirror Box Training 2.0
Source: Advance Healtcare Network.

Author: Cacchio A, De Blassis E, De Blasis V, Santilli V, Spacca G
Title: Mirror Therapy in Complex RegionalPain Syndrome Type 1 of the Upper Limb in Stroke Patients
Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. 2009; In press.

Author: Cacchio A, De Blassis E, Necozione S, di Orio F, Santilli V
Title: Mirror Therapy for Chronic Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 and Stroke (Letter to the Editor)
Source: N Eng J Med. 2009;361(6):634-636.

Author: Ezendam D, Bongers RM, Jannink MJA
Title: Systematic review of the effectiveness of mirror therapy in upper extremity
function

Source: Disability & Rehabilitation. 2009 May 20.

Author: Gallagher K
Title: Mailbag: Mirror Therapy
Source: RSDSA Review. 2008;21(2):5.

Author: Hall J, Harrison S, Cohen H, et al
Title: Pain and other symptoms of CRPS can be increased by ambiguous visual stimuli – An exploratory study
Source: Eur J Pain. 2010;In press. Author Manuscript

Author: Lewis JS, Kersten P, McCabe CS, McPherson KM, Blake DR
Title: Body Perception Disturbance: A contribution to pain in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Source: Pain. 2007;133:111-119.

Author: Lewis JS, Kersten P, McPherson KM, et al
Title: Wherever is my arm? Impaired upper limb position accuracy in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain. E-pub 12 April 2010.

Authors: J. S. Lewis, P. Schweinhardt
Title: Perceptions of the painful body: The relationship between body perception disturbance, pain and tactile discrimination in complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Eur J Pain 16 (2012) 1320–1330 © 2012 European Federation of International Association for the Study of Pain Chapters

Author: Lewis J, McCabe CS
Title: Body Perception Disturbance (BPD) in CRPS
Source: Practical Pain Management. 2010 Apr:60-66.

Author: McCabe CS, Haigh RC, Ring EFJ, Halligan PW, Wall PD, Blake DR
Title: A controlled pilot study of the utility of mirror visual feedback in the treatment of complex regional pain syndrome (type 1)
Source: Rheumatology. 2003;42:97-101.

Author: Moseley GL
Title: Graded motor imagery is effective for long-standing complex regional pain syndrome: a randomised controlled trial
Source: Pain. 2004;108:192-198.

Author: Moseley GL, Zalucki N, Birklein F, Marinus J, van Hilten JJ, Luomajoki H
Title: Thinking About Movement Hurts: The Effect of Motor Imagery on Pain and Swelling in People With Chronic Arm Pain
Source: Arthritis Rheum. 2008;59(5):623-631.

Author: Selles RW, Schreuders TAR, Stam HJ
Title: Mirror Therapy in Patients with Causalgia (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II) Following Peripheral Nerve Injury: Two Cases
Sources: J Rehabil Med. 2008;40:312-314.

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Neuropathic Pain

Author: Lenz M, Hoffken O, Stude P, Lissek S,
Schwenkreis P, Reinersmann A, Frettloh AJ, Richter H,
Tegenthoff, M, C. Maier, MD
Title: Bilateral somatosensory cortex disinhibition in complex regional pain
syndrome type I

Source: Neurology online August 31, 2011; DOI 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31822e1436

Author: Cooper MS and Przebinda AS
Title: Synaptic Conversion of Chloride-Dependent Synapses in
Spinal Nociceptive Circuits: Roles in Neuropathic Pain

Source: Pain Research and Treatment. 2011

Author: Dworkin RF, Backonja M, Rowbotham MC, et al
Title: Advances in Neuropathic Pain
Source: Arch Neurol. 2003;60:1524-1534.

Author: Dworkin RH, O'Connor AB, Backonja M, et al
Title: Pharmacologic management of neuropathic pain: Evidence-based recommendations
Source: Pain. 2007;132:237–251.

Author: Jung BF, Ahrendt GM, Oaklander AL, Dworkin RH
Title: Neuropathic pain following breast cancer surgery: proposed classification and research update
Source: Pain. 2003;104:1-13.

Author: Horowitz SH
Title: Venipuncture-induced neuropathic pain: the clinical syndrome, with comparisons to experrmental nerve injury models
Source: Pain. 2001;94:225-229.

Author: Livengood JM
Title: Neuropathic Pain: A "Professional Patient's" Perspective
Source: Clin J Pain. 1996;12:90-93.

Author: Serpell MG, Neuropathic Pain Study Group
Title: Gabapentin in neuropathic pain syndromes: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
Source: Pain. 2002;99:557-566.

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Author: Siegel SM, Lee JW, Oaklander AL
Title: Needlestick Distal Nerve Injury in Rats Models Symptoms of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: International Anesthesia Research Society. 2007;105:1820-1829.
Supported by Public Health Service grant NINDS R01NS42866, The Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Association of America, and the National Organization for Rare Disorders.

Rachel Tobias Young Investigator Award goes to Drs. Oaklander and Lee

More Research

 

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Research

Author: Abe Y, Iba K, Takada J, Wada T, Yamashita T
Title: Improvement of pain and regional osteoporotic changes in the foot and ankle bylow-dose bisphosphonate therapy for complex regional pain syndrome type I: a case series
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2011, 5:349

Author: Ackerman WE, Zhang JM
Title: Efficacy of Stellate Ganglion Blockade for the Management of Type 1 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: South Med J. 2006;99:1084-1088.

Authors: Annemerle Beerthuizena, Dirk L. Stronks, Adriaan van't Spijker, Ameeta Yaksh, Barbara M. Hanraets, Jan Klein, Frank J.P.M. Huygen
Title: Demographic and medical parameters in the development of complex regional pain syndrome type 1(CRPS1): prospective study on 596 patients with a fracture
Source: A. Beerthuizenetal./PAIN®153(2012)1187_1192

Author: Birklein F, Schmelz M
Title: Neuropeptides, neurogenic inflammation and complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Source: Neurosci Letters. 2008;437:199-202.

Author: Blaes F, Tschernatsch M, Braeu ME, et al
Title: Autoimmunity in Complex-Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Ann NY Acad Sci. 2007;1107: 168-173.

Author: Brunner F, Bachmann LM, Weber U, et al
Title: Complex regional pain syndrome 1 - the Swiss cohort study
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2008;9:92.

Author: Chelimsky G, Madan S, Alshekhlee A, Heller E, McNeeley K, Chelimsky T
Title: A Comparison of Dysautonomias Comorbid with Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome and withMigraine
Source:Gastroenterology Research and Practice. 2009, Article ID 701019; 1-6.

Author: Ching DWT, McClintock A, Beswick F
Title: Successful Treatment With Low-Dose thalidomide in a Patient With Both Behcet's Disease and Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I
Source: J Clin Rheumatol. 2003;9:96-98.

Author: de Mos, Laferriere A, Millecamps M, et al
Title: Role of NFkB in an Animal Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome–type I (CRPS-I)
Source: J Pain. 2009;10(11):1161-1169

Authors: Luis Del Valle, Robert J. Schwartzman, Guillermo Alexander
Title: Spinal cord histopathological alterations in a patient with longstanding complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 23 (2009) 85-91

Author: Devine KA, Kong SC, Neilly JBJ, Forrest EH
Title: An Unusual Presentation of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I
Source: Scottish Med J. 2007;52(4):54.

Author: Eberle T, Doganci B, Kramer HH, et al
Title: Warm and cold complex regional pain syndromes: Differences beyond skin temperature?
Source: Neurology. 2009;72:505-512.

Author: Eisenberg E, Shtahl S, Geller R, et al
Title: Serum and salivary oxidative analysis in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Pain. 2008;138:226–232.

Author:Fonoff E, Hamani C, Ciami de Andrade D, Yent L, Marcolin AM, Teixeira ML
Title: Pain Relief and Functional Recovery in Patients with Complex Regional Pain
Syndrome after Motor Cortex Stimulation

Source:Stereotact Funct Neurosurg. 2011;89:167–172

Author: Geha PY, Baliki MN, Harden RN, Bauer WR, Parrish TB, Apkarian AV
Title: The Brain in Chronic CRPS Pain: Abnormal Gray-White Matter Interactions in Emotional and Autonomic Regions
Source: Neuron. 2008;60:570-581.

Author: Goebel A, Stock M, Deacon R, Sprotte G, Vincent A
Title: Intravenous Immunoglobulin Response and Evidence for Pathogenic Antibodies in a Case of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Ann Neurol. 2005;57(3):463-464.

Author: Goldstein DS, Tack C, Li ST
Title: Sympathetic Innervation and Function in Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Source: Ann Neurol. 2000;48:49-59.

Author: Granberg V. Peakmkan M, Ejskjaer J, Sundkvist G
Title: Autoantibodies to Autonomic Nerves Associated With Cardiac and Peripheral Autonomic Neuropathy
Source: Diabetes Care. 2005; 28;1959-1964.

Author: Huge V, Lauchart M, Forderreuther S, et al
Title: Interaction of Hyperalgesia and Sensory Loss in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I (CRPS I)
Source: PLoS ONE. 3(7):e2742.

Author: Kharkar, Siddharth, MD, Venkatesh, Yedatore S., MD, Grothusen, John R. PhD, Rojas, Luisa, MD, and Schwartzman, Robert J., MD
Title: Skin Biopsy in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Case Series and Literature Review
Source: Pain Physician: May/June 2012; 15:255-266

Author: Kopsky DJ, Keppel Hesselink JM
Title: Multimodal Stepped Care Approach Involving Topical Analgesics
for Severe Intractable Neuropathic Pain in CRPS Type 1: A Case
Report

Source: Case Reports in Medicine. 2011, Hindawi Publishing Co.

Author: Kohr D, Tschernatsch M, Schmitz K et al
Title: Autoantibodies in complex regional pain syndrome bind
to a differentiation-dependent neuronal surface autoantigen

Source: Pain. 2009;246-251.

Author: Leong L, Ninnis J, Slatkin N, et al
Title: Evaluating the Impact of Pain Management (PM) Education
on Physician Practice Patterns—A Continuing Medical
Education (CME) Outcomes Study

Source: J Canc Educ. 2010;25:224–228.

Author: Li WW, Tian-Zhi G, Liang D, et al
Title: The NALP1 inflammasome controls cytokine production and nociception in a rat fracture model of complex regional pain syndrome
Source: Pain. 2009;147:277-286.

Author: Libon DJ, Schwartzman RJ, Eppig J, et al
Title: Neuropsychological deficits associated with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Int Neuropsychol Soc. E-pub 2010 Mar 19.

Author: Linnman C., Becerra L., Borsook D.
Title: Inflaming the Brain: CRPS a Model Disease to Understand Neuroimmune Interactions in Chronis Pain
Source: J Nueroimmune Pharmacol, DOI 10.1007/s11481-012-9422-8

Author: Luo J, Ho P, Steinman L, Wyss-Coray T
Title: Bioluminescence in vivo imaging of autoimmune encephalomyelitis
predicts disease

Source: J Neuroinflammation. 2008;5:6

Author: Oaklander AL, Rissmiller JG, Gelman LB, Zheng L, Chang Y, Gott R
Title: Evidence of focal small-fiber axonal degeneration in complex regional pain syndrome-I (reflex sympathetic dystrophy)
Source: Pain. 2006;120:235-243.

Author: Gosuke Oki, Takuro Wada, Kosuke Iba, Hikono Aiki, Kouichi Sasaki, Shin-ichi Imai, Hitoshi Sohma, Kayo Matsumoto, Mami Yamaguchi, Mineko Fujimiya, Toshihiko Yamashita, Yasuo Kokai
Title: Metallothionein deficiency in the injured peripheral nerves of complex regional pain syndrom as revealed by proteomics
Source: 2011 International Associations for the Study of Pain. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2011.11.008

Author: Pankaj A, Kotwal PP, Mittal R, Deepak KK, Bal CS
Title: Diagnosis of post-traumatic complex regional pain syndrome of the hand: current role of sympathetic skin response and three-phase bone scintigraphy
Source: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2006;14(3):284-290.

Author: Luke Parkitny, james H. McAuley, Flavia Di Piertro, Et al.
Title: Inflammation in CRPS: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Source: Neurology 2013;80;106
DOI 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31827b1aa1

Author: Peek DFPM, van Zundert J
Title: Letters to the Editor: The Vitamin C Controversy
Source: Clin J Pain. 2010;26(6):551-552.

Author: van Rijn MA, Marinus J, Putter H, Bosselaar SRJ, Moseley GL, van Hilten JJ
Title: Spreading of complex regional pain syndrome: not a random
process

Source: J Neural Transm.2011. Published online 18 February 2011.

Author: Schasfoort FC, Bussmann JBJ, Krijnen HJ, Stam HJ
Title: Upper limb activity over time in compelx regional pain syndrome type 1 as objectively measured with an upper limb-activity monitor: An explorative multiple case study
Source: Euro J Pain. 2006;10;31-39.

Author: Smith HS
Title: The Role of Genomic Oxidative-Reductive Balance as Predictor of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Development: A Novel Theory
Source:Pain Physician. 2010;13:79-90.

Author: Smith JA, Karalis DG. Rosso AL, Grothusen JR, Hessen SE, Schwartzman RJ
Title:Syncope in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Clin Cardiology. 2011;34:222-225.

Author: Taha, Rame, MD, Blaise, Gilbert A., MD
Title: Update on the pathogenesis of complex regional pain syndrome: Role of oxidative stress
Source:Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, 07/17/2012

Author: Tan ECT, Janssen AJM, Roestenberg P, van den Heuvel LP, Goris RJA, and Rodenburg RJT
Title: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Muscle Tissue of Complex Regional pain syndrome type I patients
Source: Eur J Pain. 2011.

Author: Various
Title: C4. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: From Human Model to the Clinic
Source: Eur J Pain. 2010;4:S1-S46.

Author: van der Laan L, Kapitein PJC, Oyen WJG, Verhofstad AAJ, Hendriks T, Goris RJA
Title: A Novel Animal Model to Evaluate Oxygen Derived Free Radical Damage in Soft Tissue
Source: Free Radical Res.1997;26:363-372.

Author: Walton KD, Dubois M, Llinas RR
Title: Abnormal thalamocortical activity in patients with Complex Regional Pain
Syndrome (CRPS) Type I

Source: Pain. 2010; In press.

Author: Wuppenhorst N, Maier C, Frettloh J, Pennekamp W, Nicolas V
Title: Sensitivity and Specificity of 3-phase Bone Scintigraphy in the Diagnosis of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome of the Upper Extremity
Source: Clin J Pain. 2010;26:182-189.

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Somatoform / Conversion Disorder

Author: Glick, Renee J., Chopra, Pradeep, MD, and Richardi, Toni, MS
Title: Crazy Pains? Exploring the Misdiagnoses of CRPS: Understanding Conversion Disorder
Source: RSDSA Review, 2012; Vol 25, Issue 3

Author: Cooper, Mark S., Clark, Vincent P. Clark
Title: Neuroinflammation, Neuroautoimmunity, and the Co-Morbidities of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: J Neuroimmune Pharmacol DOI 10.1007/s11481-012-9392-x

Author: Hill, Renee J., Chopra, Pradeep, Richardi, Toni
Title: Rethinking the Psychogenic Model of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Somatoform Disorders
Source: Anesth Pain.2012;2(2):in press. DOI:10.5812/aapm.7282

Author: Benjamin J. Newton, BSc (Hons), Jane L. Southall, RGN, BSc (Hons), DMS, Jon H. Raphael, MSc, MD, Robert L. Ashford,PhD, MMedSc, MA, Karen LeMarchand, BSc (Hons), MSc, Cpsychol
Title: A Narrative Review of the Impact of Disbelief in Chronic Pain
Source: Pain Manag Nurs. 2013;14(3):161-171

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Spinal Cord Stimulation and Neuromodulation
Author: Bankhead C
Title: AAPM: Spine Stimulation Leads to Durable Pain Relief
Source: MedPage Today. E-pub 7 Feb 2010.

Author: Bennett DS, Alo KM, Oakley J, Feler CA
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I [RSD]: a Retrospective Nulticenter Experience from 1995 to 1998 of 101 patients
Source: Neuromodulation. 1999;2:202-210.

Author: Deer T
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Pain
Source: Pain Med News. July 2010.

Author: FROM THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Title: Evidence-Based Review of Neuromodulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A Conflict Between Faith and Science?
Source: Neuromodulation 2012;15:501–506 ©2012International Neuromodulation Society

Author: Feler CA, Whitworth LA, Fernandez J
Title: Sacral neuromodulation for chronic pain conditions
Source: Anesthesiol Clin N Am. 2003;21:785-795.

Author: José W. Geurts, MSc, Helsin Smith, MD, Ph.D., Marius A. Kemler, MD, Ph.D., Florian Brunner, MD, Ph.D., Alfons G. H. Kessels, MD, Msc, Maarten van Kleef, MD, Ph.D.
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex regional Pain syndrome Type I: A prospective Cohort Study with long-term Follow-up
Source: 2013 International Neuromodulation Society (onlinelibrary.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1111/ner.12024

Author: Giller CA
Title: The Neurosurgical Treatment of Pain
Source: Arch Neurol. 2003;60:1537-1540.

Author: Grabow TS, Tella PK, Raja SN
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: An Evidence-Based Medicine Review of the Literature
Source: Clin J Pain. 2003;19:371-383.

Author: Hanks DT
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation for Chronic Pain: Observations from over 20 years' experience
Source: RSDSA Review. 2007;20(1):11,14.

Author: Harke H, Gretenkort P, Ladleif HU, Rahman S
Title: Spinal cord stimulation in sympathetically maintained complex regional pain syndrome type I with severe disability. A prospective clinical study
Source: Eur J Pain. 2005;9(4):363-373.

Author: Kemler MS, Barendse GAM, van Kleef M, et al
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation in Patients with Chronic Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
Source: N Engl J Med. 2000;343:618-624.

Author: Kemler MA, de Vet HCW, Barendse GAM, van den Wildenberg FAJM, van Kleef M
Title: Effect of spinal cord stimulation for chronic complex regional pain syndrome Type I: five-year final follow-up of patients in a randomized trial
Source: J Neurosurg. 2008;108:292-298.

Author: Kemler MA, de Vet HCW, Barendse GAM, van den Wildenberg FAJM, van Kleef M
Title: The Effect of Spinal Cord Stimualtion in Patients with Chronic Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: Two Years' Follow-up of the Randomized Controlled Trial
Source: Ann Neurol. 2004;55:13-18.

Author: Mekhail NA, Mathews M, Bageeb F, Guirguis M, Mekhail MN, Cheng J
Title:Retrospective Review of 707 Cases of Spinal Cord Stimulation: Indications and Complications
Source: Pain Practice. 2011;2:148-153.

Author: Olsson GL, Meyerson BA, Linderoth B
Title: Spinal cord stimulation in adolescents with complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I)
Source: Euro J Pain. 2008;12:53-59.

Authors: Lawrence Poree, MD, MPH, PhD; Elliot Krames, MD; Jason Pope, MD; Timothy R. Deer, MD; Robert Levy, MD, PhD; Louise Schultz, BS
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation as Treatment for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Should Be Considered Earlier Than Last Resort Therapy
Source: Neuromodulation 2013; 16: 125-141

Author: Prager JP
Title: Spinal Cord Stimulation Q & A
Source: RSDSA Review. 2007;20(1):12-13.

Author: Rijkers K, van Aalst J, Kurt E, et al
Title: Effect of spinal cord stimulation in Type I complex regional pain syndrome with 2 rare severe cutaneous manifestations
Source: J Neurosurg. 2009;110:274-278.

Author: Ruamwijitphong W
Title: Spinal cord stimulation for injured soldiers with complex regional pain syndrome
Source: The Nurse Practitioner. 2010;35(8):39-43.

Author: Stanton-Hicks M
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Manifestations and the Role of Neurostimulation in Its Management
Source: J Pain Symptom Manage. 2006;31:S20-S24.

Author: Taylor RS, van Buyten J, Buchser E
Title: Spinal cord stimualtion for complex regional pain syndrome: A systematic review of the clinical and cost-effectiveness literature and assessment of prognostic factors
Source: Euro J Pain. 2006;10:91-101.

Author: Frank van Eijs, MD, José W. Geurts, MSc, Jan VanZundert, MD,PhD, Catharina G. Faber, MD, PhD, Alfons G. H. Kessels,MD,MSc, Elbert A. J. Joosten,PhD, Maartenvan Kleef, MD, PhD
Title:Spinal Cord Stimulation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I of Less than 12-Month Duration
Source: Neuromodulation2012;15:144–150

Author: van Eijs, MD, Frank, Geurts, MSc, Jose W., Van Zundert, MD, PhD, Jan, Faber, MD, PhD, Catharina G., Kessels, MD, MSc, Alfons G. H., Joosten, PhD, Elbert A.J., van Kleef, MD, PhD, Maarten
Title:Spinal Cord Stimulation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 of Less Than 12-Month Duration
Source: Neuromodulation 2012; 15: 144-150

Author: van Eijs, Smits H, Geurts JW, et al
Title: Brush-evoked allodynia predicts outcome of spinal cord stimulation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1
Source: Eur J Pain. 2010;14:164-169.

Author: Velasco F, Carrillo-Ruiz JD, Castro G, et al
Title: Motor cortex electrical stimulation applied to patients with complex regional
pain syndrome

Source: Pain. 2009; In press.

Author: Verdolin MH, Stedje-Larsen ET, Hickey AH
Title: Ten Consecutive Cases of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome of Less than 12 Months Duration in Active Duty United States Military Personnel Treated with Spinal Cord Stimulation
Source: Anesthesia Analgesia. 2007;104(6):1557.

Author: Wilner AN
Title: Timing of Spinal Cord Stimulation Use May Affect Efficacy
Source: Pain Med News. 2006;6:3.

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Suicide and Chronic

Authors: Afton L. Hassett & Jordan K. Aquino & Mark A. Ilgen
Title: The Risk of Suicide Mortality in Chronic Pain Patients
Source: Curr Pain Headache Rep (2014) 18:436 DOI 10.1007/s11916-014-0436-1

Authors: Do-Hyeong Lee,Eun Chung Noh,Yong Chul Kim,Jae Yeon Hwang, Sung Nyun Kim, Joon Hwan Jang,Min Soo Byun,and Do-Hyung Kang
Title: Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation among Patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: http://dx.doi.org/10.4306/pi.2014.11.1.32

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Treatment

Author: Ackerman, III, MD, William E., Zhang, MSc, MD, Jun-Ming
Title: Efficacy of Stellate Ganglion Blockade for the Management of type 1 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Southern Medical Journal, Vol. 99, Number 10, October 2006

Authors: S Adami, V Fossaluzza, D Gatti, E Fracassi, V Braga
Title: Bisphosphonate therapy of reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome
Source: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 1997;56:201–204

Author: Arden RL, Bahu SJ, Zuazu MS, Berguer R
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy of the Face: Current Treatment Recommendations
Source: Laryngoscope. 1998;108:437-442.

Author: Bandyk DF, Johnson BL, Kirkpatrick AF, et al
Title: Surgical Sympathectomy for Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndromes
Source: Paper presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the Society for Vascular Surgery, Baltimore, MD. June 10-11, 2001.

Author: Bernateck M, Rolke R, Birklein F, Treede RD, Fink M, Karst M
Title: Successful Intravenous Regional Block with Low-Dose Tumor Necrosis Factor-[Alpha] Antibody Infliximab for Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1
Source: Int Anesth Res Soc. 2007;105(4):1148-1151.

Author: Breuer B, Pappagallo M, Ongseng, Chen CI, Goldfarb R
Title: An Open-label Pilot Trial of Ibandronate for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Clin J Pain. 2008;24:685-689.

Author: Brunner F, Schmid A, Kissling R, Held U, Bachmann LM
Title: Bisphosphonates for the therapy of complex regional pain syndrome I—Systematic review
Source: Eur J Pain. 2009;13:17-21.

Author: Carlson LK and Watson HK
Title: Treatment of Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Using the Stress-Loading Program
Source: J Hand Ther. 1988;149-154.

Author: Ian Carroll, MD, MS , J. David Clark, MD, PhD , and Sean Mackey, MD, PhD
Title: Sympathetic Block with Botulinum Toxin to Treat Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Source: Neurol. 2009 March; 65(3): 348-351. doi:10.1002/ana.21601

Author: Carroll I, Clark JD, Mackey S
Title: Sympathetic Block with Botulinum Toxin to Treat Complex Regional Pain
Syndrome

Source: Ann Neurol. 2009;65:348-351M

Author: Tae Hwan Cho, Kyeong Mee Park
Title: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 Relieved by Acupuncture Point Injections with Placental Extract
Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies (2014)

Author: Collins S, Zuurmond WWA, de Lange JJ, van Hilten BJ, Perez RSGM
Title: Intravenous Magnesium for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1 (CRPS 1) Patients: A Pilot Study
Source: Pain Medicine. 2009;10(5):930-940.

Author: Cooper DE, DeLee JC, Ramamurthy S
Title: Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy of the Knee: Treatment using continuous epidural anesthesia
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